Cambridge Learner's Dictionary provides more than 20,000 definitions with examples in English and the Turkish translation.
Langtolang is a multilingual dictionary from/to almost 50 languages, including Turkish.
Lexilogos allows to search a selection of Ottoman Turkish dictionaries in both Latin and Arabic characters.
Lexiqamus is an Ottoman Word Solver.
Tureng is a multilingual dictionary that includes Turkish.
English-Turkish, Turkish-English Dictionary is especially designed for language learners and travelers.
Zargan is an English-Turkish dictionary designed for Turkish speakers.
Index Islamicus is an international classified bibliography of publications in European languages on Islam and the Muslim World.
Oxford Islamic studies online is a comprehensive research tool providing reliable background information on Islam and the Islamic World.
Türkiye Makaleler Bibliyografyası a database of articles covering the Republican period of Turkey from 1923 to the present. Currently, over 650,000 articles from more than 4000 journals and magazines are searchable. The data entry infrastructure was redesigned and now author names and publication authorities have been added to the new system. With the new user interface, you can search by author, article, subject, and journal name.
Aarssen, Jeroen, and Ad Backus. Colloquial Turkish: The Complete Course for Beginners. London: Routledge, 2001. Electronic resource.
Bayraktaroğlu, Arın, and Sinan Bayraktaroğlu. Colloquial Turkish. London: Routledge, 1992. Print.
Galin, Müge. Turkish Sampler: Writings for All Readers. Bloomington, Ind: Indiana University, 1989. Print.
Göksel, Aslı, and Celia Kerslake. Turkish: A Comprehensive Grammar. London: Routledge, 2005. Electronic resource.
Ketrez, F N. A Student Grammar of Turkish. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012. Electronic resource.
Kreider, Herman H. Essentials of Modern Turkish. Washington: Middle East Institute, 1954. Electronic resource.
Kreider, Herman H. First Lessons in Modern Turkish: With Vocabulary. Istanbul: Robert College, 1945. Print.
Lewis, Geoffrey. Turkish Grammar. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1967. Print.
Németh, Gyula. Turkish Reader for Beginners. The Hague: Mouton, 1966. Print.
Redhouse, James W. A Simplified Grammar of the Ottoman-Turkish Language. London: Trübner & Co, 1884. Electronic resource.
Saner, Hulki. Useful Words and Sentences in Turkish. Presidio of Monterey, 1949. Electronic resource.
Slobin, Dan I, and Karl Zimmer. Studies in Turkish Linguistics. Amsterdam: J. Benjamins Pub. Co, 1986. Electronic resource.
Swift, Lloyd B. A Reference Grammar of Modern Turkish. Bloomington: Indiana University, 1963. Print.
Taylan, Eser E. The Verb in Turkish. Amsterdam: J. Benjamins Pub. Co, 2001. Electronic resource.
Thomas, Lewis V, and Norman Itzkowitz. Elementary Turkish. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1967. Print.
Türkiye Makaleler Bibliyografyası (Turkish) Electronic resource.
Underhill, Robert. Turkish Grammar. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 1976. Print.
Vaughan, Thomas. A Grammar of the Turkish Language. Menston, (Yorks.: Scolar P, 1968. Print.