This guide was created to help students and faculty learn more about types of knowledge syntheses and the process of conducting them.
CIHR defines knowledge synthesis as "the contextualization and integration of research findings of individual research studies within the larger body of knowledge on the topic. A synthesis must be reproducible and transparent in its methods, using quantitative and/or qualitative methods." Systematic reviews, scoping reviews, realist syntheses, narrative syntheses, meta-analyses, meta-syntheses and practice guidelines are all forms of synthesis.
Guidance on the process of conducting knowledge syntheses begins on this page.