Although McGill does not currently have an institutional license for Covidence, researchers with a Covidence subscription can use the software to remove duplicates.
See: McKeown S, Mir ZM. Considerations for Conducting Systematic Reviews: Evaluating the Performance of Different Methods for De-Duplicating References. Syst Rev. 2021;10(1):38. doi:10.1186/s13643-021-01583-y
Systematic review software may offer this functionality, or you can use one of the following methods to remove duplicates from a merged EndNote library.
Before deduplicating, you will need a merged EndNote library containing the records from all your separate EndNote libraries for the individual database searches, if you had previously exported records from each database into separate libraries:
Using this merged library of records from your individual database searches, you are now ready to remove duplicates. Here are two methods you can use:
1) Earlier version of "Bramer method" for deduplicating, with steps provided in Word document format:
2) Paper describing more advanced configuration options for removing duplicates in EndNote: Bramer WM, Giustini D, de Jonge GB, Holland L, Bekhuis T. De-duplication of database search results for systematic reviews in EndNote. Journal of the Medical Library Association : JMLA. 2016;104(3):240-243. doi:10.3163/1536-5050.104.3.014
Create a compressed library for backup after having removed as many duplicates as possible, with a filename like SearchTerms-yyyymmdd-Deduplicated—xRecords.enlx. This will be the library for screening. You can export the deduplicated library to Rayyan, for example, or other synthesis software, to facilitate the screening process, which usually involves more than one reviewer.
Use the online Deduplicator tool. This is a new version as of August 2021.
The offline DeDuplicator (old version) may be useful for large sets of records (which used to be considered ≥ 2000). Download the SRA-dedupe-UI application from GitHub. As of October 2020, there were only Linux and Windows versions available.
Keep a copy of the RIS or XML file for your records.
See also: Rathbone, J., Carter, M., Hoffmann, T., & Glasziou, P. (2015). Better Duplicate Detection for Systematic Reviewers: Evaluation of Systematic Review Assistant-Deduplication Module. Systematic Reviews, 4(1), 6. doi:10.1186/2046-4053-4-6
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