Skip to Main Content

WILD 420 Ornithology

Resources for images

If you want to include great photos or images in your article, here are a few websites to get you started. All images on these websites are under either Creative Commons (CC) licensing or public domain. Remember to cite your images.

Encyclopedia of life (photos)
Pexels (photos)
Pixabay (photos, illustrations, vectors)
Stocksnap (photos)
Wikimedia Commons (photos, videos)

If you are not sure if you can use an image or not, either put it in external links at the bottom of your article or send me an email, I'll check the licensing and will let you know if you can upload it to Wikimedia or not.

Resources for birdsongs

Unless you recorded the birdsong, ALWAYS use an external link for these resources:

Xeno-Canto

Taxon bar - click images to enlarge

Please note, you will have to use the wiki markups for this. If you have questions or are not sure, you can always come to see me.

To add a taxon bar to your article, follow the instructions below or the ones here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:Taxonbar

1. Click on Edit

where to click to edit an article on Wikipedia


2. Scroll down to the categories

where to find categories of article on Wikipedia


3. Add {{Taxonbar}} (you can copy/paste it)

how to add a taxon bar on Wikipedia article


4. Show preview and save your changes

how to show a preview of your modifications

Conservation status - click images to enlarge

Please note, you will have to use the wiki markups for this. If you have questions or are not sure, you can always come to see me.

To add a conservation status to your article, follow the instructions below:

1. Click on Edit

Screenshot of where to click to edit


2. Notice the status in the speciesbox

Screenshot of where to check the information in the species box


3. Go to http://www.iucnredlist.org/ and copy the information you need (status and version)

Screenshot of where to find the information on the status of a bird


4. In the URL, copy the ID number

screenshot of where to find the ID number of a bird


5. Populate the empty fields. For the status_ref, you can copy and paste it here (but make sure you add the missing information for the fields in brigh red):

| status_ref  = <ref name=IUCN>{{IUCN|id= |title=''name of bird'' |assessor=BirdLife International |assessor-link=BirdLife International |version=2013.2 |year=2017 |accessdate=date accessed}}</ref>

screenshot of which fields to populate in the species box


6. Click on Show Preview to make sure everything is fine, then add a description of the modification and click on Save changes. The Conservation status has been added.

Screenshot of the species box once completed

Birdsong - Click here first

Please note, you will have to use the wiki markups for this. If you have questions or are not sure, you can always come to see me.

To add a birdsong to your article, follow the instructions below or the ones here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:Birdsong

The boxes below list 4 different options you may choose from for your birdsong (you can click the images to go to the step-by-step guide of that option). For each, you have to click on "Edit" first, then follow the steps listed for the chosen option.

Screenshot of one birdsong box option: stock bird image and external link   Screenshot of one birdsong box option: stock bird image and streaming link Screenshot of one birdsong box option: specific bird image and streaming link Screenshot of one birdsong box option: no image and streaming link

Birdsong - External link only

For an external box only:

1. Click on Edit if you aren't in the visual editor already

Screenshot of where to click to edit


2. Put your cursor where you want the box to appear and copy/paste the following markup:
{{Birdsong|species = ''name of species''|url = https://www.xeno-canto.org/species/name of species}}

Screenshot of how to add the wiki markup to add birdsong to an article


3. Go to xeno-canto.org and search for your bird

Screenshot of searching Xeno-canto


4. Click on the first result and copy/paste the URL in the markup. Change also the species for the scientific name

Screenshot of what to copy from Xeno-Canto and paste into your wiki markup


5. This is what it looks like once completed

Screenshot of what it looks like once you copied your wiki markup


6. Click show preview, this is what it should look like. If it's good, don't forget to save your changes.

Screenshot of one birdsong box option: stock bird image and external link

Birdsong - Song and external link

For a box with an included song and an external link:

1. Click on Edit if you aren't in the visual editor already

Screenshot of where to click to edit an article


2. Put your cursor where you want the box to appear and copy/paste the following markup:
< {{Birdsong|species = ''name of species''|url = http://www.xeno-canto.org/species/name of species |song1 = |caption song1 = }}

Screenshot of how to add the wiki markup to add a birdsong box to an article


3a. For the species and URL.
- Go to xeno-canto.org and search for your bird

Screenshot of searching Xeno-canto


3b. Click on the first result and copy/paste the URL in the markup. Change also the species for the scientific name.

Screenshot of what to copy from Xeno-Canto and paste into your wiki markup


4. For the song and caption.
- Go to Wikimedia Commons and search for your bird
- If you have many images and can't find if there's a song or not. Search for your bird and ogg (it's a sound format). It will limit the results to the sounds only (as seen below)
- Click on the file you want to use

Screenshot of search results in Wikimedia commons


5. Copy both file name and description and add them to the markup

Screenshot of what to copy and paste from Wiki Commons


6. This is what it looks like once completed:

{{Birdsong|species = ''Corvus cornix'' | url = http://www.xeno-canto.org/species/Corvus-cornix | song1 = Corvus cornix.ogg | caption song1 = The ''kraa'' call of the Hooded Crow (''Corvus cornix'') in a suburban environment in Southern Finland. Sparrows in the background.}}

Screenshot of what it looks like once you copied your wiki markup


7. Click show preview, this is what it should look like. If it's good, don't forget to save your changes.

Screenshot of one birdsong box option: stock bird image and streaming link

Birdsong - Song, ext. link and image

For a box with an included song, an external link and the image of your bird (instead of the default):

1. Click on Edit if you aren't in the visual editor already

Screenshot of where to click to edit an article


2. Put your cursor where you want the box to appear and copy/paste the following markup:
{{Birdsong|species = ''name of species''|url = https://www.xeno-canto.org/species/name of species |song1 = |caption song1 = |image = }}

Screenshot of how to add the wiki markup to add a birdsong box to an article


3a. For the species and URL.
- Go to xeno-canto.org and search for your bird

Screenshot of searching Xeno-canto


3b. Click on the first result and copy/paste the URL in the markup. Change also the species for the scientific name.

Screenshot of what to copy from Xeno-Canto and paste into your wiki markup


4. For the song and caption.
- Go to Wikimedia Commons and search for your bird
- If you have many images and can't find if there's a song or not. Search for your bird and ogg (it's a sound format). It will limit the results to the sounds only (as seen below)
- Click on the file you want to use

Screenshot of search results in Wikimedia commons


5. Copy both file name and description and add them to the markup

Screenshot of what to copy and paste from Wiki Commons

6. For the image
- Go back to Wikimedia Commons and search for your bird again to find a suitable image (the image will be a lot smaller, you want to make sure that you can still identify the bird)
- Click on the image and copy the file name (without File:)

Screenshot of what to copy and paste from Wiki Commons for your bird image


7. This is what it looks like once completed. 
{{Birdsong|species = ''Corvus cornix'' | url = http://www.xeno-canto.org/species/Corvus-cornix | song1 = Corvus cornix.ogg | caption song1 = The ''kraa'' call of the Hooded Crow (''Corvus cornix'') in a suburban environment in Southern Finland. Sparrows in the background. | image = Corvus cornix (Scops).jpg}}

Screenshot of what it looks like once you copied your wiki markup


8. Click show preview, this is what it should look like. If it's good, don't forget to save your changes.

Screenshot of one birdsong box option: specific bird image and streaming link

Birdsong - Basic file

For a basic file:

1. Click on Edit if you aren't in the visual editor already

Screenshot of where to click to edit an article


2. Put your cursor where you want the box to appear and copy/paste the following markup:
[[File: |​ ]]

3. To fill out the markup:
- Go to Wikimedia Commons and search for your bird
- If you have many images and can't find if there's a song or not. Search for your bird and ogg (it's a sound format). It will limit the results to the sounds only (as seen below)
- Click on the file you want to use

Screenshot of search results in Wikimedia commons


4. Copy both file name and description and add them to the markup

Screenshot of what to copy and paste from Wiki Commons


5. Fill out the markup with the information. This is the completed markup.

[[File:Каркання.ogg|thumb|left|Croaking of hooded crow in [[Kiev]]]]


6. Click show preview, this is what it should look like. If it's good, don't forget to save your changes.

Screenshot of one birdsong box option: no image and streaming link

McGill LibraryQuestions? Ask us!
Privacy notice