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Indigenous Studies

A research guide for finding high-quality resources about Indigenous topics

What are Primary Sources?

Primary sources are original materials or documents. In Indigenous studies, they could refer to a direct, first-hand account of an event; usually something that was created at the time of an event, or shortly thereafter. Examples include:

  • Diaries
  • Letters
  • Speeches
  • Interviews
  • Archives and manuscript material
  • Newspapers and magazines from that time
  • Photographs
  • Art
  • Video and audio recordings
  • Oral histories
  • Government publications

A secondary source would be something that interprets, analyzes, or comments on a primary source. Examples include:

  • Journal articles
  • Essays
  • Theses and dissertations
  • Academic books
  • Biographies
  • Stories or films produced about an historical event

Finding Primary Sources in Sofia (the library catalogue)

In WorldCat Discovery try combining your topic keywords with one of these terms:

"first person"
diary OR diaries

For example: "residential schools" AND diary

Primary and Historical Sources


Indigenous News Sources

    News from the Aborginal Peoples Television Network.
  • Eagle Feather News
    ​A monthly newspaper serving readers in Saskatchewan's First Nation and Métis communities.
  • First Nations Drum
    A national indigenous newspaper distributed across Canada.
  • Kukukwes
    An independent indigenous news website covering Atlantic Canada.
  • The Eastern Door
    A community based newspaper serving the community of Kahnawake.
  • Nunatsiaq News
    A newspaper covering Nunavut and Nunavik. Articles can be published in English, French, Inuktitut or Inuinnaqtun. The McLennan Library has print copies available on the 2nd floor.
  • Northern News Services
    Seven Northern News Services newspapers circulated in NWT and Nunavut. 
  • Wawatay News
    ​A newspaper serving indigenous communities in Northern Ontario. News and features are published in English, Ojibway, OjiCree or Cree. News stories are also available in syllabics.
  • Windspeaker
    One of the publications operated by the Aboriginal Multi-Media Society of Alberta and published 24 times a year.

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