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Evaluating Information and Sources
When doing research it's always important to evaluate the information and the sources that we find. A good way to do this is to use the CRAAP test outline below and to make sure that the academic articles have been peer-reviewed.
- When was the information created?
- Does the information relate to your topic? Who is the target audience?
- Who created the information? Who published the information: publisher, journal, website?
- Is the information supported by evidence? Has it been reviewed? Is it unbiased?
- What is the purpose of the information? Why is the information being published?
Researcher/professor writes an article
- Submits it to a scholarly journal
- The article is evaluated by the editorial board of the journal
- Is is then evaluated by other specialists in the field
- Recommendation of changes
- The article is published
How to Determine if it’s Peer-Reviewed:
- Consult academic journals
- Peer-review option in databases and the catalogue
- Consult the website of the journal