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Anti-Black Racism

Guide to resources available at the McGill University Library to self-educating on Anti-Black Racism

About Anti-Black Racism

This page contains definitions and reference materials to begin understanding terms and concepts such as racism, anti-racism, anti-black racism, etc.

Dictionary Definitions of Anti-Black Racism

  • Anti-Black Racism: While not yet defined in dictionaries, groups and institutions such as the Black Health Alliance and the Canadian Association of Mental Health, building from Dr. Akua Benjamin's pioneering work, have defined Anti-Black Racism as "policies and practices rooted in Canadian institutions such as, education, health care, and justice that mirror and reinforce beliefs, attitudes, prejudice, stereotyping and/or discrimination towards people of Black-African descent."
  • Anti-Racism: Oxford Reference shows a lack of definitions for this outside of the standard dictionary (ie no subject-specific definition). The Oxford Dictionary of English states that anti-racism is "the policy or practice of opposing racism and promoting racial tolerance. "
  • Racism: Oxford Reference offers differing definitions depending on the field of study; the Dictionary of the Social Sciences entry begins "A form of prejudice based on the belief that certain racial groups are inherently superior to others." John McWhorter, in The Atlantic, points out the arguments from Ibram X. Kendi and others that reveal the limitations of this kind of definition and the need for expansion.
  • Discrimination: Like Racism (above), Oxford Reference offers definitions by field/discipline. The Dictionary of the Social Sciences entry begins "Most social-science usage refers to the unequal treatment of groups based on their particular identities—generally, racial and ethnic groups but also extending to nearly any distinguishable identity category, including age (ageism) and gender (sexism)."

Introductory Texts

Source: Garry Knight

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