Tools on this page support principles of good teaching - in particular: 1) Good practice encourages contact between students and faculty, and 2) Good practice develops reciprocity and cooperation among students (Gabriel, 2007). Most of the tools for public interactions also include options for private discussions between students or with instructors.
Tools for students and teachers to schedule virtual and face-to-face meetings:
Discussion forums or boards are built into many learning environments but there are also these social media options.
Voiceboards are synchronous audio online discussions.
Conferencing tools can be used to deliver synchronous webinars, for student presentations, for discussions and meetings, and for instructor office hours. Some questions to help while reviewing tools: 1) How many participants are you expecting? 2) Will you have participants conferencing from a mobile device? 3) Do you need co-browsing functionality? 4) Which audience interaction tools are essential (raise their hands, make facial expressions...)? 5) Do you want to share your screen or play videos? 6) Do you want to share files? 7) Do you wish to make the recording available for playback? (Li, 2014).
Bottom of the page bonus (video): David Crystal - The Effect of New Technologies on English
See the full bibliography for works consulted.
Gabriel, M. A. "Chapter XI: Toward effective instruction in e-learning environments." In: Bullen, M., & Janes, D. P. (2007). Making the transition to e-learning: Strategies and issues. Hershey, PA: Information Science Pub.
Li, J. (2014). Greeting you online: Selecting web-based conferencing tools for instruction in e-learning mode. Journal of Library & Information Services in Distance Learning, 8(1-2), 56-66.