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HIST 411: Topics in African History: National Liberation: Home

Course guide for HIST 411 (Winter 2023)

Getting Started

Librarian Office Hours

Wednesdays 10:00am - 12:00pm
Leacock 632
*Note: There will be no Office Hours on March 22 or 29, 2023.


Find Primary Sources

Strategies for finding primary sources

If you have selected a figure:

  • Search for the figure in the Library Catalogue in the author field (au:) in the format Last First. Example: au:Azikiwe Nnamdi
  • After identifying a work by your figure, click on the author name to bring up more results.

  • Tip: Be sure to click Libraries Worldwide at the left to get more comprehensive results!

If you have selected a group: 

  • First: After determining what the abbreviation stands for, search for this in the Library Catalogue as an exact phrase (in quotation marks). E.g.: "African National Congress".
  • Sort through the results to determine if any of these items are primary sources.
  • Next: Try a general web search (e.g., on Google) for the group and the word "archives." E.g., "African National Congress" archives. 
  • If an archive exists, you may be able to find useful documents this way.
  • Finally: Try browsing the digital collections available below.

Digital Collections


Find Secondary Sources

Find books and eBooks

Find peer-reviewed articles

TIP: Try search Africa-Wide Information for the name of your subject and select "SUBJECTS ALL" as your search field. This should exclude out results of things named after your historical figure.


History as a discipline uses the Chicago Manual of Style (17th edition) for citations, and usually the Notes-Bibliography form. This requires creating properly formatted footnotes footnotes and a Bibliography for your assignments. Resources to understand the Chicago style of citations are included below.


Library Support

Liaison Librarian

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Kristen Howard
McLennan Library Buildilng
3459 McTavish Street
Montreal, Quebec H3A 0C9

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