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WILD 420 - Ornithology

Resources for images

If you want to include great photos or images in your article, here are a few websites to get you started. All images on these websites are under either Creative Commons (CC) licensing or public domain. Remember to cite your images.

Pexels (photos)
Pixabay (photos, illustrations, vectors)
Stocksnap (photos)
Wikimedia Commons (photos, videos)

If you are not sure if you can use an image or not, either put it in external links at the bottom of your article or send me an email, I'll check the licensing and will let you know if you can upload it to Wikimedia or not.

Resources for birdsongs

Unless you recorded the birdsong, ALWAYS use an external link for these resources:

Xeno-Canto
Macaulay Library (birdsongs and images)

Taxon bar

Please note, you will have to use the wiki markups for this. If you have questions or are not sure, you can always come to see me.

To add a taxon bar to your article, follow the instructions below or the ones here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:Taxonbar

1. Click on Edit


2. Scroll down to the categories


3. Add {{Taxonbar}} (you can copy/paste it)


4. Show preview and save your changes

Conservation status

Please note, you will have to use the wiki markups for this. If you have questions or are not sure, you can always come to see me.

To add a conservation status to your article, follow the instructions below:

1. Click on Edit


2. Notice the status in the speciesbox


3. Go to http://www.iucnredlist.org/ and copy the information you need (status and version)


4. In the URL, copy the ID number


5. Populate the empty fields. For the status_ref, you can copy and paste it here (but make sure you add the missing information for the fields in brigh red):

| status_ref  = <ref name=IUCN>{{IUCN|id= |title=''name of bird'' |assessor=BirdLife International |assessor-link=BirdLife International |version=2013.2 |year=2017 |accessdate=date accessed}}</ref>


6. Click on Show Preview to make sure everything is fine, then add a description of the modification and click on Save changes. The Conservation status has been added.

Birdsong - Click here first

Please note, you will have to use the wiki markups for this. If you have questions or are not sure, you can always come to see me.

To add a birdsong to your article, follow the instructions below or the ones here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:Birdsong

The boxes below list 4 different options you may choose from for your birdsong (you can click the images to go to the step-by-step guide of that option). For each, you have to click on "Edit" first, then follow the steps listed for the chosen option.

  

Birdsong - External link only

For an external box only:

1. Click on Edit if you aren't in the visual editor already


2. Put your cursor where you want the box to appear and copy/paste the following markup:
{{Birdsong|species = ''name of species''|url = http://www.xeno-canto.org/species/name of species}}


3. Go to xeno-canto.org and search for your bird


4. Click on the first result and copy/paste the URL in the markup. Change also the species for the scientific name


5. This is what it looks like once completed


6. Click show preview, this is what it should look like. If it's good, don't forget to save your changes.

Birdsong - Song and external link

For a box with an included song and an external link:

1. Click on Edit if you aren't in the visual editor already


2. Put your cursor where you want the box to appear and copy/paste the following markup:
< {{Birdsong|species = ''name of species''|url = http://www.xeno-canto.org/species/name of species |song1 = |caption song1 = }}


3a. For the species and URL.
- Go to xeno-canto.org and search for your bird


3b. Click on the first result and copy/paste the URL in the markup. Change also the species for the scientific name.


4. For the song and caption.
- Go to Wikimedia Commons and search for your bird
- If you have many images and can't find if there's a song or not. Search for your bird and ogg (it's a sound format). It will limit the results to the sounds only (as seen below)
- Click on the file you want to use


5. Copy both file name and description and add them to the markup


6. This is what it looks like once completed:
{{Birdsong|species = ''Corvus cornix'' | url = http://www.xeno-canto.org/species/Corvus-cornix | song1 = Corvus cornix.ogg | caption song1 = The ''kraa'' call of the Hooded Crow (''Corvus cornix'') in a suburban environment in Southern Finland. Sparrows in the background.}}


7. Click show preview, this is what it should look like. If it's good, don't forget to save your changes.

Birdsong - Song, ext. link and image

For a box with an included song, an external link and the image of your bird (instead of the default):

1. Click on Edit if you aren't in the visual editor already


2. Put your cursor where you want the box to appear and copy/paste the following markup:
{{Birdsong|species = ''name of species''|url = http://www.xeno-canto.org/species/name of species |song1 = |caption song1 = |image = }}


3a. For the species and URL.
- Go to xeno-canto.org and search for your bird


3b. Click on the first result and copy/paste the URL in the markup. Change also the species for the scientific name.


4. For the song and caption.
- Go to Wikimedia Commons and search for your bird
- If you have many images and can't find if there's a song or not. Search for your bird and ogg (it's a sound format). It will limit the results to the sounds only (as seen below)
- Click on the file you want to use


5. Copy both file name and description and add them to the markup

6. For the image
- Go back to Wikimedia Commons and search for your bird again to find a suitable image (the image will be a lot smaller, you want to make sure that you can still identify the bird)
- Click on the image and copy the file name (without File:)


7. This is what it looks like once completed. 
{{Birdsong|species = ''Corvus cornix'' | url = http://www.xeno-canto.org/species/Corvus-cornix | song1 = Corvus cornix.ogg | caption song1 = The ''kraa'' call of the Hooded Crow (''Corvus cornix'') in a suburban environment in Southern Finland. Sparrows in the background. | image = Corvus cornix (Scops).jpg}}


8. Click show preview, this is what it should look like. If it's good, don't forget to save your changes.

Birdsong - Basic file

For a basic file:

1. Click on Edit if you aren't in the visual editor already


2. Put your cursor where you want the box to appear and copy/paste the following markup:
[[File: |​ ]]

3. To fill out the markup:
- Go to Wikimedia Commons and search for your bird
- If you have many images and can't find if there's a song or not. Search for your bird and ogg (it's a sound format). It will limit the results to the sounds only (as seen below)
- Click on the file you want to use


4. Copy both file name and description and add them to the markup


5. Fill out the markup with the information. This is the completed markup.

[[File:Каркання.ogg|thumb|left|Croaking of hooded crow in [[Kiev]]]]


6. Click show preview, this is what it should look like. If it's good, don't forget to save your changes.

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