Sixteen ASTM standards, just about rubber, were created in the 1920s to meet the demands of automobile manufacturers, who began mass-producing cars during that period. About 285 active ASTM automotive standards currently exist today.
Standards describe procedures for making, measuring, and testing materials and products, are created by different organizations around the world, and can be as short as one-page long. The topic of a standard can also be a protocol, a definition, etc.
Standards are developed by a consensus of stakeholders. Stakeholders are all parties with an interest in making the topic of the standard work.
Representatives from all parties have to come together to create and approve a standard before it is accepted for publication.