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WILD 421 - Wildlife Conservation

Citation style

A citation style (or format) specifies what information should appear in your citation, how that information is ordered and how it is formatted (punctuation, italics, etc.). APA, MLA, Chicago, Vancouver and CSE are examples of citations styles.

For this class, you will use the Journal of Wildlife Management Citation Style. I put below some examples for common formats, but always refer to the guidelines if you are not sure how to cite.


Miller, K. V., and L. Marchinton. 1995. Quality whitetails: the why and how of quality deer management. Stackpole, Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania, USA.

More than one edition
Smith, R. L. 1974. Ecology and field biology. Second edition. Harper and Row, New York, New York, USA

More than one publisher
Gutiérrez, R. J., A. B. Franklin, and W. S. LaHaye. 1995. Spotted owl (Strix occidentalis). Account 179 in A. Poole and F. Gill, editors. The birds of North

America, The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and The American Ornithologists’ Union, Washington, D.C., USA.

More than one volume
Palmer, R. S. 1976. Handbook of North American birds. Volume 2. Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.

Editor as author
Temple, S. A., editor. 1978. Endangered birds: management techniques

for preserving threatened species. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, USA.

Book chapter
Zeleny, L. 1978. Nesting box programs for bluebirds and other passerines. Pages 55–60 in S. A. Temple, editor. Endangered birds: management techniques

for preserving threatened species. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, USA

Government documents

Government publication
Lull, H. W. 1968. A forest atlas of the Northeast. U.S. Forest Service, Northeast Forest and Experiment Station, Upper Darby, Pennsylvania, USA.

Part of a numbered series
Anderson, D. R. 1975. Population ecology of the mallard: V. Temporal and geographic estimates of survival, recovery, and harvest rates. U.S. Fish and

Wildlife Service Resource Publication 125, Washington, D.C., USA

Agency as author
National Research Council. 1977. Nutrient requirements of poultry. Seventh edition. National Academy of Science, Washington, D.C., USA.


Brelsford, M. A. 1991. Effects of grazing by wapiti on winter wheat and winter rapeseed, and the effects of simulated wapiti use on winter wheat in northern

Idaho. Thesis, University of Idaho, Moscow, USA.

Tacha, T. C. 1981. Behavior and taxonomy of sandhill cranes from mid-continental North America. Dissertation, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, USA. 

Web sources

Professional site: 
Council of Biology Editors [CBE]. 1999. CBE homepage. Accessed 7 Oct 1999.

Article in an electronic journal:
Browning, T. 1997. Embedded visuals: student design in Web spaces. Kairos: A Journal for Teachers of Writing in Webbed Environments 3(1). /kairos/2.1/features/browning/bridge.html. Accessed 21 Oct 1997.

Government publication:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration [NOAA]. 2005. National Weather Service internet services team. Monthly precipitation for Reno, Nevada. hydrology/monthly_precip.php. Accessed 23 Aug 2005.

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