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Nursing

Nursing resources and subject guides for faculty and students

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Click to jump to the desired evaluation/appraisal tools:

 

Not all information is created equal!

Use the CRAAP test to evaluate the relevance and quality of the information or evidence you have found.

Currency- how timely is the information? Does your topic require current information, or will older sources work as well?

Relevance- does the information answer your question and make sense in your context?*

Authority- is the source of your information trustworthy? Do the author, journal, publisher or institution have appropriate credentials? Is the article peer reviewed?

Accuracy- is the content reliable, truthful, and correct? Is it evidence-based? Is there a list of references?

Purpose- what is the reason the information exists? Is there potential for bias? Are they selling something?

 

Worksheets

  • CRAAP test worksheet - Beeghly Library, Juniata College
    Use this worksheet to help you evaluate sources. Answer the questions as appropriate, and then rank each of the 5 parts from 1 to 10 (1 = unreliable, 10 = excellent). Add up the scores to give you an idea of whether you should you use the resource (and whether your professor would want you to!)

 

Critical appraisal

Even studies published in high impact journals can be poorly done. Authors can reach conclusions not supported by the data. Studies can be biased- did the authors do anything to mitigate this?

You need to assess whether the study is relevant to your patients and your context.

Critical appraisal is a systematic way of assessing the quality and relevance of a given research article.

  • Focus is on the methodology section instead of abstract/conclusion.
  • Is study well conducted/reported?
  • What are the limitations? i.e. small sample size, not randomized etc.
  • Is bias likely?
  • Are the results relevant to your patient(s)/practice/environment?
  • Different criteria are used for different study types.

 

Critical appraisal frameworks:

With a proliferation of print and online health information, it is often difficult for patients and families to navigate to the most reliable and up-to-date information. Evaluating the quality of consumer health information before sharing with patients is important.

Tools

Contact the nursing liaison librarian

Francesca Frati's picture
Francesca Frati
Contact:
Schulich Library of Physical Sciences, Life Sciences and Engineering
Macdonald-Stewart Library Building
809 rue Sherbrooke Ouest
Montréal, Québec H3A 0C1
(514) 398 1277
Subjects:Nursing

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